Arizona geography , mountains, national parks



Arizona geography , mountains, national parks

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This article is about the U.S. state of Arizona. For other uses, see Arizona (disambiguation).

State of Arizona

Flag of Arizona State seal of Arizona
Flag Seal

Nickname(s): The Grand Canyon State;
The Copper State
Motto(s): Ditat Deus (God enriches)
State song(s): “The Arizona March Song” and “Arizona”

Map of the United States with Arizona highlighted

Official language
English

Spoken languages

As of 2010
English 74.1%
Spanish 19.5%
Navajo 1.9%
Other 4.5 %

Demonym
Arizonan[1]

Capital
Phoenix

Largest city
Phoenix

Largest metro
Phoenix metropolitan area

Area
Ranked 6th

• Total
113,990[2] sq mi
(295,234 km2)

• Width
310 miles (500 km)

• Length
400 miles (645 km)

• % water
0.35

• Latitude
31°  20′ N to 37° N

• Longitude
109°  03′ W to 114°  49′ W

Population
Ranked 14th

• Total
7,016,270 (2017 est.)[3]

• Density
57/sq mi (22/km2)
Ranked 33rd

• Median household income
$52,248 [4] (33rd)

Elevation

• Highest point
Humphreys Peak[5][6][7]
12,637 ft (3852 m)

• Mean
4,100 ft (1250 m)

• Lowest point
Colorado River at the Sonora border[6][7]
72 ft (22 m)

Before statehood
Arizona Territory

Admission to Union
February 14, 1912 (48th)

Governor
Doug Ducey (R)

Secretary of State
Michele Reagan (R)

Legislature
Arizona Legislature

• Upper house
Senate

• Lower house
House of Representatives

U.S. Senators
John McCain (R)
Jeff Flake (R)

U.S. House delegation
5 Republicans
4 Democrats (list)

Time zones

• most of state
Mountain: UTC −7 (no DST)

• Navajo Nation
Mountain: UTC −7/−6

ISO 3166
US-AZ

Abbreviations
AZ, Ariz.

Website
www.az.gov

[show]Arizona state symbols

Flag of Arizona.svg

Arizona-StateSeal.svg

Arizona state route marker

Arizona quarter dollar coin

Saguaro cactus flowers and buds after a wet winter. This is Arizona’s official state flower.
Arizona (/ˌærɪˈzoʊnə/ (About this sound listen); Navajo: Hoozdo Hahoodzo [xòːztò xɑ̀xòːtsò]; O’odham: Alĭ ṣonak [ˡaɺi ˡʂonak]) is a U.S. state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. Arizona is bordered by New Mexico to the east, Utah to the north, Nevada and California to the west, and Mexico to the south, as well as the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona’s border with Mexico is 389 miles (626 km) long, on the northern border of the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, achieving statehood on February 14, 1912, coinciding with Valentine’s Day. Historically part of the territory of Alta California in New Spain, it became part of independent Mexico in 1821. After being defeated in the Mexican–American War, Mexico ceded much of this territory to the United States in 1848. The southernmost portion of the state was acquired in 1853 through the Gadsden Purchase.

Southern Arizona is known for its desert climate, with very hot summers and mild winters. Northern Arizona features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees; the Colorado Plateau; some mountain ranges (such as the San Francisco Mountains); as well as large, deep canyons, with much more moderate summer temperatures and significant winter snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff, Alpine, and Tucson. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, there are several national forests, national parks, and national monuments.

About one-quarter of the state[8] is made up of Indian reservations that serve as the home of 27 federally recognized Native American tribes, including the Navajo Nation, the largest in the state and the United States, with more than 300,000 citizens. Although federal law gave all Native Americans the right to vote in 1924, Arizona excluded those living on reservations from voting until its state Supreme Court ruled in 1948 in favor of Native American plaintiffs.[9][10]

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